Amnesty International said on Thursday a US-led coalition campaign to oust ISIS from Syria’s Raqqa had killed hundreds of civilians, and those remaining face greater risk as the fight intensifies in its
The rights group also said Russia-backed Syrian government forces had carried out indiscriminate attacks against civilians, reported to have included cluster and barrel bombs, in a separate campaign against the militants south of Raqqa city.
“Civilians are … trapped in the city, under fire from all sides,” Amnesty said in a report. It said the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) must take more care as they battle for the city’s central districts.
“It is imperative that all the parties to the conflict take all feasible precautions to minimize harm to civilians, including ending the use of explosive weapons with wide area effects in populated civilian areas, in compliance with the prohibition on indiscriminate or disproportionate attacks.”
ISIS uses civilians inside the northern Syrian city as human shields and targets those trying to escape with snipers and mines, Amnesty said. “ISIS wouldn’t let us leave. We had no food, no electricity,” a former Raqqa resident told Amnesty, one of 98 displaced individuals it spoke to in northern Syria.
Also read: Raqqa: 29 civilians dead in US-led air strikes
Counting the dead
It is difficult to establish how many people have died in the battle for Raqqa. People interviewed by Reuters displaced by the fighting said air and artillery strikes have killed civilians, and Reuters reporters have seen massive material damage to buildings and infrastructure as they visit recaptured areas.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which monitors Syria’s war through a network of on-the-ground contacts, said between June 5 and Wednesday it had documented the deaths of 789 civilians, 200 of them children, in Raqqa city as a result of bombardment by the US-led coalition and SDF.
Monitoring group Airwars told Reuters they believe between 725 and 993 civilians have likely been killed from coalition actions in Raqqa city since the offensive began in early June.
Hundreds more civilians have reportedly died after being fired on by ISIS or being caught in their minefields, Airwars Director Chris Woods said. “Coalition forces have listed 16 reports of alleged casualties in or near Raqqa between 6 and 30 June, dismissing three as ‘non-credible’, while 13 others are pending assessment,” Amnesty said.
Nowhere to run
Amnesty criticized the US-led campaign for artillery and air strikes on areas containing civilians and asked for an end to attacks that risk being indiscriminate.
“Whether you live or die depends on luck because you don’t know where the next shell will strike, so you don’t know where to run,” former Raqqa resident Mohammed told Amnesty. Syrian government forces, backed by the Russian air force and Iran-backed militias, have also been advancing against ISIS south of the River Euphrates that forms Raqqa city’s southern edge.